Jockey World Terms

  • Saddle Cloth or Saddle Towel

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the many uses of saddle pads and girth covers. He talks about how a saddle pad isn't just used for identification but for comfort as well and the cleaning practices used on saddle clothes.

  • Saddle Pad

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term saddle pad. He describes the use of a saddle pad in reference to race horses and the design and material they consist of. Frankie also explains where the saddle pad is placed and why it is important to use in a race.

  • Saddle Slip

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term saddle slip. He discusses which direction a saddle may slip and how a situation can be dangerous when this happens. Frankie also explains several pieces of equipment that can be used to prevent the saddle from slipping.

  • Savage

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term savage. He discusses the term in reference to the aggressiveness in some horses and how it sometimes happens in a horse race. He also explains how the term can show up in race result comments.

  • Scale of Weights

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term scale of weights. He discusses the term in reference to the amount of weight a horse carries in a race. Frankie also describes what conditions are used to determine each weight assignment.

  • Schooling

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term schooling. He describes the term in reference to different training exercises for race horses. Frankie also discusses the practices of gate and paddock schooling.

  • Schooling LIst

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term schooling list. He discusses the term in reference to the official starters list of horses that may need more training in certain areas.

  • Scratch and Scratch Time

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term scratch, the official term for when a horse is withdrawn from a race. He explains the process for scratching a horse from a race, when a trainer may do so, and the process of filling out a scratch card.

  • Sealed Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sealed track. He discusses the term in reference to the standard procedure maintenance crews perform to maintain the track before it rains.

  • Second Call

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term second call. He discusses the term in reference to the agreement between a jockey and a trainer for a specific race. Lovato also explains who the jockey is obligated to ride for when scratches or late changes happen.

  • Send

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term send. He discusses the term in reference to the way a horse breaks from the starting gate. Lovato also explains how the trainer uses the term when giving a jockey instructions about how to ride a race.

  • Sesamoid Bones

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sesamoid bones. He discusses the location of the sesamoid bones and what parts of the horses leg they support. Lovato also describes injuries associated with the sesamoid bones.

  • Set

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term set. He discusses the term in reference to training race horses. Lovato discuss the advantages and disadvantages of horses training in sets and an alternative meaning to the term when used by trainers.

  • Short or Long Thumb

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term ride short or long. He discusses the term in reference to the length of a jockey's tack. Lovato explains rules for stirrup lengths on the track. He also discusses advantages and disadvantages to riding in longer stirrups.

  • Set Down

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term set down. He discusses multiple ways the term can be used in reference to jockey's, training, and the way a horse runs in a race.

  • Seven Furlongs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term seven furlongs. He discusses the term in reference to the distance of a horse race and what type of race track accommodates a seven furlong race.

  • Shadow Roll

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shadow roll. He discusses the term in reference to a specific part of the horses bridle and the purpose it serves during a horse race.

  • Shammy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shammy or chamois. He discusses the term in reference to items used for horses to wear under their saddles while racing or training.

  • Shank

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shank. He discusses the term in reference to the piece of equipment that is used when leading a race horse. Lovato also explains different ways a shank can be used for safety when controlling a horse.

  • Shed Row

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shed row. He discusses the term in reference to part of a horse barn at a race track. Lovato also explains what is inside and around the shed row and how it is taken care of.

  • Shod

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shod. He explains the term in reference to the the role of a blacksmith when working on horses.

  • Shooting Ducks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shooting ducks. He discusses the term in reference to how a jockey rides competitively in a horse race.

  • Short

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term short. He discusses the term in reference to a horse who looks poised to win but fades in the late stages of a race as well as in reference to the distance of races.

  • Show

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term show. He discusses the term in reference to a horse's order of finish as well as in reference to the betting option.

  • Shut Off

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means to get shut off in race, what it can mean for a horse's chances to win and the difficult task of trying to steer a 1,000-pound animal running at speeds up to 40 m.p.h.

  • Silks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term silks. He discusses the apparel jockey's wear for races and what the logos and colors represent.

  • Simulcast

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term simulcast and describes the various venues that offer live feeds from racetracks where fans can watch horse racing.

  • Six Furlongs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term six furlongs. He discusses the length of six furlongs in various measurements and identifies which well known races are ran at six furlongs.

  • Sixteenth

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sixteenth. He discusses the term in reference to distances of miles and furlongs. Lovato also discusses the poles around a horse race track and at what distances the sixteenth poles are placed.

  • Sloppy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sloppy. He discusses the term in reference to the condition of a horse race track. Lovato also discusses several other terms to describe the condition of the track and how a horses performance is affected.

  • Snug

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term snug. He discusses the term in reference to the type of grip on the reins a jockey holds while riding. The term is also used by jockeys to discuss how strong a horse ran during a race or exercise ride.

  • Soft

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term soft. He discusses the term in reference to the condition of a turf race course. Lovato also describes other conditions of the turf course and which are acceptable to race on.

  • Solid Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term solid horse. He discusses the term in reference to a personal opinion of a horses condition before a race.

  • Sophomore

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sophomore. He discusses the term in reference to the age of a horse and their eligibility to race. Lovato also discusses other terms that are related to the term sophomore and a horses age.

  • Sound

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sound. He discusses the term in reference to the health of a horse. Lovato also describes how the term is used specifically when talking about race horses.

  • Speed Bias

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term speed bias. He discusses the term in reference to an analysis by handicappers of front running horses on the track.

  • Speed Figure

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term speed figure. He discusses the term in reference to a number that rates a horses performance in a specific race. Lovato also provides the history of speed figures and the importance of having the numbers available to the betting public.

  • Spit Box

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term spit box. He discusses the term in reference to a special barn used for post race drug testing. Lovato also provides other commonly used terms to describe the spit box.

  • Spit the Bit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term spit the bit. He discusses the term in reference to how a horse may become less aggressive at winning a horse race. Lovato also describes other terms that are related to spit the bit.

  • Sprinter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sprinter. He discusses the term in reference to the length of a horse race. Lovato also discusses what races are considered sprint races and related terms.

  • Stake

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stake. He discusses the term in reference to a certain type of horse race. Lovato previews various types of stakes races and explains how qualifications, invitations, entry fees, and the amount of purse money involved are changed and adjusted as races become more competitive.

  • Stakes-Placed

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stakes placed. He describes the term as a way of labeling competitive horses, dependent on their racing achievements. Lovato also describes several other terms that are used to rank horses and distinguish them to both handicappers and future buyers.

  • Stalk

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stalk. He discusses the term in reference to how a rider positions a horse during a race.

  • Stall Walker

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stall walker. He discusses the term in reference to a horse's behavior while they are in their stall. Lovato also explains other habits a horse may have and some techniques owners can use to keep the horse distracted.

  • Starter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starter. He discusses the term in reference to horses that enter the starting gates, racing officials, and starter races.

  • Starter Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starter race. He discusses the qualifications a horse must have to be entered into this type of race and several names the races may have.

  • Starting Gate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starting gate. He discusses the term in reference to the gate horses break from at the start of a race.

  • State-Bred Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term state-bred race. He discusses the term in reference to a specific type of horse race and which horses are eligible to run.

  • Stayer

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stayer. He discusses the term in reference to how a horse runs in a race.

  • Steadied

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term steadied. He discusses the term in reference to control methods jockeys use to control a horse during a race.

  • Steal a Race

    Frankie explains that stealing a race is when a jockey goes to the lead and slows down the pace so his horse has enough energy to fend off any potential challengers in the final stages of the race.

  • Step Up

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term step up. He discusses the term in reference to when a horse runs in a race with tougher competition. Lovato also explains other terms that are similarly related.

  • Stewards

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stewards. He discusses the term in reference to officials at a race track that enforce rules and regulations. Lovato discusses the duties of the track stewards and where they are located during a race.

  • Steeplechase

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term steeplechase. He discusses the term in reference to a different type of horse racing that is more commonly found in Europe.

  • Stick

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the word stick means and why the stick is used. Frankie also explains some of the terms that you may hear in reference to the stick and some of the rules in place when it comes to the stick

  • Stickers

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stickers. He discusses the meaning of the term in reference to a specific type of horse shoe.

  • Stretch

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stretch. He defines what part of a race track is the stretch and labels other parts of the track. Lovato also discusses terms used in other countries to describe race tracks.

  • Stretch Call

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the stretch call is the position of the horses at the 1/8 pole and is where the track announcer can make his mark on history or use his trademark phrases that many people remember for years after the original call.

  • Stretch Runner

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stretch runner. A stretch runner can also be referred to as a closer depending on their running style.

  • Stride

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the stride is how people in racing describe a horse's gait. He also explains that some horses have better strides than others and how it can affect a horse's talent.

  • Stud Book

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stud book and when the first American stud book was published. He also talks about how many stud books there are and how multiple stud books are recognized in many different countries.

  • Sucked Back

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sucked back and what it means in a horse race. He also explains some of the reasons a horse may suck back in a race.

  • Sulk

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sulk. He explains what jockeys may do when a horse sulks during a race and what can cause a horse to sulk.

  • Suspend

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term suspend. He explains why a jockey and trainer may get suspended and who gives the suspensions.

  • Sweat Box

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sweat box. He says where it is located and why jockeys use the sweat box.

  • Swayback

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a swayback is. He also explains how a swayback is defined and the more technical term for the condition.

  • Switch Sticks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what switching sticks means. He explains that it is a pretty new technique and why jockeys switch their whip now.

  • Syndicate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term syndicate. He discusses the term in reference to the ownership of race horses.

Image Description

Jockey World Terms

Jockey World is a 501(c)(3) non-profit educational organization in horse racing created by former award-winning jockey Frankie Lovato, Jr. Frankie is the creator of the Equicizer, along with Jockey Camp and Jockey World Radio which fall under Jockey World Inc., and he is co-founder with his wife Sandy of their Stampede of Dreams Therapeutic Riding Program. Jockey World is dedicated to providing reliable information, tools, guidance and resources, that include knowledge in health & safety, to anyone who wishes to pursue a career or develop a better understanding of the horse racing industry. Jockey World is not a gambling related organization.

Visit www.JockeyWorld.org and 
FrankLovatoJr.com for more information and be sure to check out www.JockeyWorldRadio.com.

More About the 365 Day Series!

Frankie Lovato Jr. vowed to create 365 racing terminology videos for every day of the year for 2013 - an effort to better educate racing fans and bring awareness to Jockey World. Please watch and share with friends to support Frankie in his mission!

"There are also many misconceptions in horse racing and many potential fans could enjoy the sport better. I love to explain the things that will help open up people's minds and answer many wonders in the world of horse racing that will offer a greater appreciation and understanding of the industry. This will help bring more fans and enjoyment to the sport of horse racing," Lovato said.

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