Racing 101

  • Acey-Duecey

    Jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term ace deuce and how it relates to the lengths of a jockey's stirrups. He also explains why a jockey may ride with his or her stirrups this way and the advantage it may give them.

  • Aces

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term "aces" means. He also explains where aces can be purchased and why they are used on horses.

  • Action

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that action is the description of how a horse moves at different gaits. Lovato also explains some words that may be used to describe a horse's action and how these words help a jockey communicate with a trainer.

  • Agent

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an agent is and how they help a jockey's career. Lovato also explains that agents aren't required for jockeys but that they are helpful. He also talks about agents other than jockey agents and what they may be called.

  • All Out

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term "All Out" means. He also explains when the term "All Out" may be used when it comes to a race.

  • Also Eligible

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse is on the "also eligible" list. He also explains how a horse may get into a race off of the also eligible list.

  • Apprentice

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an apprentice or "bug boy" is. He also explains why trainers may use an apprentice and the different ways a rider may lose or keep their apprentice title.

  • Apron

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the apron of the track is. He explains why it's the best place for fans to be and what some tracks do for events on the apron.

  • Assistant Starter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the assistant starter is and what an assistant starter's duties are. He also explains how important the assistant starters are to the race and safety of the riders.

  • Allowance Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an allowance race is. Frankie also talks about why a horse may run in an allowance race and what conditions allowance races may have.

  • Baby Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains why certain races are called baby races. He also explains that there's a difference between a baby race and a maiden race and what age group falls under the baby race title.

  • Backstretch

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the backstretch of the track refers to. He also explains other names for backstretch in the video.

  • Bar Shoe

    Frankie Lovato Jr. and blacksmith Danny Gale explain what a bar shoe is. Danny also explains how you know a horse is wearing a bar shoe and why someone will use a bar shoe on a horse.

  • Bad Actor

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term bad actor means. He explains that it's not just something to do with racehorses and that the kind of feed a horse is on can make them more high spirited than the naturally are.

  • Bad Doer

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a bad doer is and how trainers fix the problem.

  • Bad Gate Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term bad gate horse means. He also explains why a horse may be a bad gate horse and how horses who may be afraid of the gate are worked with.

  • Bandage

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains what bandages or wraps are used for. He also explains the different kind of bandages and why different ones may be used for different needs.

  • Bay

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that a bay is a color of horse and how someone can tell if a horse is bay. He also explains that most registered Thoroughbreds are bay in color.

  • Bearing In or Out

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when someone says a horse was bearing in or out. He also explains different words that may mean the same thing as bearing in or out.

  • Beyer Number/Speed Figures

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the Beyer Speed Figure system. He also explains where you can find the Beyer figure for a horse in addition to telling viewers which horses have the highest Beyer Speed Figure in the history of the figures.

  • Billets

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what billets are on a saddle. He also explains what the billets are used for and why different saddles have different amounts of billets.

  • Black Letter or Bullet Work

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains why you may hear a horse's workout called a "bullet" and who records the horse's workout. He also explains where you may see a list of all that day's workouts and how you read the works when they are in a track program.

  • Black Type

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what black type is and how to read a horse's page in a sales catalog. He also explains what a horse's family tree is called.

  • Bleeder

    Frankie brings in Dr. Erika Wierman to explain what a "bleeder" is and what causes the condition. Dr. Wierman also explains symptoms of bleeding and how vets find out if a horse is bleeding. She also explains what Lasix is and what it does for a bleeder.

  • Blew the Turn

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains why a horse may blow the turn and what the result of the race will most likely be. Angel Cordero Jr. also explains what is was like to riding Broad Brush when he won a race after blowing the turn.

  • Blinkers

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains what a blinker is and the different types of blinkers that can be used. He also explains why blinkers may be used on a horse and how trainers decide on which ones to use.

  • Blowout

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains why a horse may have a blowout before a race. He also explains what a blowout is and what kind of horses may get a blowout before a race.

  • Bobble

    Frankie Lovato Jr. says what he calls a bobble compared to a stumble. He explains why a horse may bobble and shows an example of what he means by "bobble".

  • Bottom

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains that bottom has multiple different meanings. Bottom can refer to a horse's energy level or the surface of a track among other things.

  • Bolt

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term bolt and another term that it gets confused with. He also explains how dangerous the move is for a jockey and how it differs from bearing in or out.

  • Bounce

    Joe Kristufek explains what bounce means when they talk about a horse bouncing. He explains that bouncing hasn't been proven but that there are many different factors that could cause a horse to "bounce" after a good race.

  • Break a Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means to break a horse. He also explains the timeline of when a horse gets broken and how long it may take to break them and different terms that relate to breaking a horse.

  • Break from the Gate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what breaking for the gate means. He explains how the rider keeps himself from falling off when the horse leaves the gate and some of the reasons why horses may break slowly from the gate.

  • Breast Plate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains why a breast plate is used on a horse and what it does. He also explains where it attaches to the saddle and that is isn't a usual piece of equipment for normal races in America.

  • Break Maiden

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse breaks its maiden and what a maiden refers to. He also explains different maiden classifications and the restrictions on a maiden race.

  • Breeze

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse breezes and when during the day they will normally breeze. He also explains where you can find a horses' breezing time and what different initials mean next to the works.

  • Bucked Shins

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse bucks its shins and what age is most affected by bucked shins. In addition, it's explained that just because a horse bucks his or her shins doesn't mean that they will have to be retired.

  • Bug Rider

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what the word "bug rider" refers to at the racetrack in this easy-to-understand video. Enjoy!

  • Bull Ring

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what is defined as a bull ring and how it can cause problems for horses and riders. He also names a few tracks that are considered bull rings.

  • Card

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what the word "card" refers to at the racetrack in this easy-to-understand video, and points out the difference between a good card at the racetrack and a bad card. Enjoy!

  • Chalk

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what the word "chalk" refers to at the racetrack in this easy-to-understand video.

  • Chaps and Leggings

  • Chart

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a chart is and some of the information included on a race chart.

  • Checked

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what the word checked means in horse racing and what it means for a horse's chances when his rider is forced to check during the running of a race.

  • Chestnut

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that chestnut is a color and that there are different shades of the chestnut color.

  • Chute

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains how a chute is used in horse racing, the benefits that a chute provides to the horses running and the adaptability that a chute provides to a track.

  • Circle the Field

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what it means when a horse “circles the field” during a race and how a horse’s chances of winning the race are affected by doing so.

  • Claiming Race

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains the term claiming race and describes the steps that a trainer must take to claim a horse before the race begins.

  • Classic

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains the meaning of the phrase "classic races" and their historical significance in the landscape of Thoroughbred racing.

  • Clerk of Scales

    Javier Torres joins former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. to explain what the Clerk of Scales at the racetrack is. Torres also explains a little of what his days as the Clerk of Scales at Keeneland and Churchill Downs are like. Some of his duties include weighing jockeys before and after races and announcing any changes that may be made in a race.

  • Climbing

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what climbing means when it comes to horse racing. Unlike the term may have people think, climbing involves the horses and not the people that handle them.

  • Clip Heels

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what clipping heels means. He also explains one of the reasons this can happen and some of the famous cases of horses clipping heels and going on to win.

  • Clocker

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a clocker is and where they are located on the track. He also explains how they know who to clock and where the information they gather goes after each day's workouts.

  • Closer

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. talks about the closing running style and why some horses prefer to run that way. He also talks about the challenges a jockey on a closer can face when the horse is ready to make their move towards the front.

  • Clubhouse Turn

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the clubhouse turn is and how it got its name. Frankie also talks about the difference between the regular grandstand and clubhouse portions of the track seating area.

  • Colic

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what colic is and how a horse can colic. He also explains when it can mean for a horse and the symptoms a horse can show while colicking.

  • Colors

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what exactly jockey colors, also known as silks, are and what they are made of. Frankie also goes into some of the patterns that can be used for the colors and who owns them.

  • Colt

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term colt, which refers to an intact male horse under 5 years old. he also explains why some male horses are gelded and others are not.

  • Company

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term company, which refers to the strength of a particular field in racing, or a style of training young horses that can be useful with lazier trainees.

  • Come From Behind Sprinter

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term come from behind sprinter, which refers to a horse that begins a race at the back of the pack, but gains the momentum to catch and pass the rest of the field as they become tired. Lovate also explains which type of races are conducive for this style of horse.

  • Condition Book

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a condition book is. Lovato also goes over what is in the condition book and why it is important to trainers.

  • Conformation

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what people mean when they talk about a horse's conformation and why it is important. He also explains how it can affect the horse and some notable examples of horses running well in spite of their conformation.

  • Contract Rider

    In this episode, Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a "contract rider" is. He also talks about how it can help an apprentice and how it was used by older jockeys in the past. Frankie outlines some of the pros and cons of being a contract rider and how it has faded into history, being replaced with the "first call" rider.

  • Cooling Out

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what cooling out is and why it is done.

  • Coupled Entry

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term "coupled entry".

  • Cribber

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term "cribber".

  • Cross

    Frankie describes the term "cross" in today's episode. Frankie also explains other uses of the cross in the video and different ways a cross may be held by the jockey.

  • Cup

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a "cup" race is and gives some examples of important races for various age groups that could be considered cups.

  • Cuppy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a cuppy track is and how tracks maintain the surface.

  • Cushion

    Frankie Lovato Jr. educates the viewer on what part of the track is the cushion. Frankie also talks about the different types of surfaces used in America and around the world.

  • Cooler

    Frankie Lovato Jr. educates fans on what coolers are and what they are used for.

  • Daily Racing Form

    Frankie Lovato Jr. details the history of the Daily Racing Form and explains its significance within the sport of Thoroughbred Racing.

  • Dead Heat

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term "dead heat" and discusses some of Thoroughbred racings most memorable dead heats as well as a personal favorite of his own.

  • Derby

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term "Derby" and its historical significance in the sport of Thoroughbred racing.

  • Disqualification

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term "Disqualification" and the process for determining whether a foul was significant enough to warrant changing the order of finish in a race.

  • Distaff

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term "Distaff" means and gives some examples of where the term may be seen. -

  • Distanced

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explainds what it means when a horse is distanced in a race. He also goes over some other terms that are related to distanced.

  • Dogs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what dogs are when referred to at the track. Frankie also gives examples of reasons that dogs may be used on tracks.

  • Draw for a Race

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the phrase "Draw for a Race" and the process for selecting starting positions in a horse race.

  • Driving

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means for a jockey to 'drive' a horse, as well as the various terms used to describe how a horse wins a particular race.

  • Drop Down

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means to drop a horse down in a claiming race. Lovato also explains the tactics behind why trainers would choose to drop a horse down.

  • Dwelt

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse is dwelt in a race. Frankie also discusses the steps a horse must complete to be eligible for its next race if it is dwelt.

  • Eased

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a jockey eases a horse from a race. Frankie also explains the reasons behind why a jockey might choose to ease a horse up.

  • Easily

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse is said to have won a race easily. Additionally, Frankie notes that morning workouts for horses can also be termed by this description.

  • Eclipse Awards

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an Eclipse Award is in Thoroughbred racing. Lovato also explains the various categories that are awarded and what the award is comparable to in movie and sports awards.

  • Eighth

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an eighth is in horse racing. Frankie also explains that an eighth of a mile is equivalent to a furlong, which will help clear up confusion to newcomers to the track.

  • Eligible

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what eligible refers to when referring to a particular horse and race. Frankie also explains how eligibility is outlined in the conditions book at the track.

  • Endoscope

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an endoscope is, and how it is used on horses to aid a veterinarian. Frankie explains the reasons that buyers like to 'scope' horses, and how the results may transfer to better assess the ability of the horse.

  • EPM

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what equine protozoal myeloencephalitis is and talks about some symptoms of the disease.

  • Equibase

    Frankie Lovato Jr. tells viewers what Equibase is and talks about some of the company's history and what information the site provides to racing fans.

  • Equipment

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term equipment means in racing. He also includes what equpment can be listed in a track program.

  • Evenly

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse finishes evenly and what evenly may mean to a trainer.

  • Excused

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means when a horse is excused from a race. Frankie also explains the process that a trainer must go through with the track steward to obtain an excuse if his horse is going to be a late scratch.

  • Exercise Rider

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an exercise rider is, and the various responsibilities that exercise riders have. Frankie also explains the differences in the roles for exercise riders and jockeys.

  • Extended

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term extended means when referring to a horse's gait or stride.

  • Faltered

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term faltered means. After a horse has faltered in a race, a trainer will do a full evalution to find out why it happened.

  • Farrier

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a farrier, also known as a blacksmith, does for racehorses and how they are a key element to a horse's success.

  • Fast Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that a fast track may not be exactly what fans think it is. He also goes over some of the other conditions a track can be labeled as in races and workouts.

  • Feature Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term feature race, the placement of the feature race on the day's card, and what makes this race stand out from others on the schedule.

  • Fence

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term fence as it relates to horse racing. Frankie also explains the various ways that a trainer or jockey can refer to a fence during a race or while training.

  • Figure Eight

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a figure eight, a piece of equipment that can be used as a noseband, is. Frankie also explains the type of horses that figure eights are useful on.

  • Field

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a field is in horse racing. Frankie also explains what a field can be termed as when referring to betting on a large lineup of horses, such as in the Kentucky Derby.

  • Filly

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains when a female horse is called a filly and some important races that are restricted to fillies.

  • Firm

    Frankie explains what firm means when you see it in relation to a turf race. He also explains some other words that you may see for a turf race's condition.

  • First Turn

    Frankie explains what it means when someone says "first turn" and when it is used in a race. He also explains what announcers may say according to how many turns are in a race.

  • Flat Race

    Frankie explains the term "flat racing" and educates fans on jump races, also known as steeplechases.

  • Flatten Out

    Learn what the term flatten out means and some different terms that have the same meaning.

  • Flip

    Frankie Lovato explains the reasons behind why a horse may rear and flip, and touches on the danger associated with a horse doing so.

  • Float

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what floating a track is. Frankie also explains the weather circumstances that lead to floating a track, and why it is beneficial to do so.

  • Form and Style

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the importance of quality form and style for jockeys. Frankie explains that jockeys work on technique and form in the same way any athlete does.

  • Four Furlongs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how distances are measured in horse racing, as well as the popular four furlongs workout distance.

  • Founder

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what founder (laminitis) is and how it is caused. He also talks about some treatments that are used on a foundering horse.

  • Fractional Time

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a fractional time or split is. Fractions will be shown in multiple places both during and after the race.

  • Fresh

    Frankie Lovato Jr. talks about different meanings of the word fresh and freshened. The word can have different meanings depending on how it is used.

  • Free Handicap

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the word free handicap means and what the word handicap means when seen in a race.

  • Front Runner

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a front runner is and gives examples of some of the great horses that have been front runners.

  • Furlong

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a furlong is, as well as other equivalents of a furlong. Frankie also explains other industries that previously used a furlong as a measure of distance.

  • Furosemide

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what Lasix are in horse racing, as well as why Lasix are used to treat horses that possess EIPH (bleeders). Frankie brings on the insight from a Kentucky vet to explain Lasix.

  • Gait

    Frankie explains what gaits are and how you know what each gait is. He uses his granddaughter's pony Popcorn to show what to look for to tell which gait is which.

  • Gallop

    Frankie explains what galloping is as referred to as a gait of the horse. Frankie also describes the differences in how the term is used in different countries.

  • Gallop Out

    Frankie explains what a gallop out is in a race or workout. Frankie explains how trainers and fans alike use this term to evaluate horses.

  • Gate

    Former jockey Frankie Lovato explains what a gate is in horse racing, as well as how the starting gate came into use for horse racing. Lovato also touches on what methods were used before the implementation of the starting gate.

  • Gate Card

    Frankie explains what a gate card is with the help of expert Bob Duncan. Duncan also explains how a horse completes gate training to obtain a gate card in order to race.

  • Gate Crew

    Frankie Lovato Jr. reviews the term assistant starter for today's term as it is the another word for today's term, gate crew.

  • Gate Schooling

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term gate schooling means and why horses may go to the gate for more than just a race.

  • Gelding

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a gelding is, a castrated horse. Frankie also explains the reasons why an owner may choose to geld a colt or stallion.

  • Getting In

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a gelding is, a castrated horse. Frankie also explains the reasons why an owner may choose to geld a colt or stallion.

  • Girth

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how a girth is used as part of the equipment for a horse, as well as a measurement of the horses midsection.

  • Going

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how jockeys use the term going to refer to how a horse or group of horses are running in a race.

  • Good Bottom

    Frankie explains that there is more than one meaning for "bottom" around the track. He explains all three and what part of racing they refer to.

  • Good Doer

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that a good doer is a horse that loves to eat. He also explains what a bad doer is and how a trainer tries to work with those horses to get them to keep a healthy weight.

  • Good Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the various types of track conditions that a particular track can be assigned. Frankie also explains how tracks of various conditions are maintained. - See more at: http://www.americasbestracing.net/en/the-latest/blogs/#endMonth=6&mediaType=426878&season=2013&sort%5B0%5D%5Bvalue%5D=newest&sort%5B0%5D%5Btext%5D=Newest&sort%5B1%5D%5Bvalue%5D=oldest&sort%5B1%5D%5Btext%5D=Oldest&startMonth=4

  • Grab a Quarter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means for a horse to grab a quarter. Frankie also explains how this happens and why it is common for a horse leaving a gate to grab a quarter.

  • Graded or Group Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means for a race to be graded. Frankie also explains the three types of graded races, and the qualifications needed for a race to be graded.

  • Green

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means for a horse to be called "green" and some of the things that can startle an inexperienced horse.

  • Groom

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the responsibilities that a groom has at the racetrack, as well as touches on the special bond that grooms share with their horses.

  • Hack

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a hack, or light ride, is in horse racing. Frankie also explains why taking a hack is useful for the training of a horse.

  • Half

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that a half refers to four furlongs, the equivalent to half of a mile. Frankie also explains why this distance is so useful for train horses between races.

  • Half Brother

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a half-sibling is in the Thoroughbred industry. Something to remember is that a horse is only considered a half-sibling if it comes from the same dam and not the same sire.

  • Hand

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a "hand" is and how you measure to get the correct number of hands for a horse.

  • Handicap

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the concept of a "handicap" race, how additional weight affects a horse's performance, as well as why horses are assigned specific weights for a race.

  • Handicapper

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the role of the track handicapper, who assigns morning-line odds and weights to horses running in handicap races as determined by each horses ability.

  • Handily

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the two meanings of the term handily as it is used to describe a horses morning workout or how a horse has won a race.

  • Handle

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a handle is for a race, or the total pari-mutual amount of money wagered on a race. Frankie also explains why each handle is so important to the success of a track.

  • Hand Ride

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a hand ride is in terms of the way that a horse finishes a race or how a horse is ridden during a morning workout.

  • Head

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how the term head is used to measure the distance by which a horse wins a particular race.

  • Head and Head

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how the term head and head is used to describe two horses completing a morning workout in company, or by the way that two horses may finish a race.

  • Head of the Stretch

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains where the head of the stretch is located on the track, as well as how important phrases are in terms of calling the race.

  • Heavy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how the term heavy is used to describe a dirt or turf surface. Frankie also explains the implications that this may have on a race.

  • High Weight

    Frankie explains what a highweight in a race is. He also explains that the highweight horse may not always be the favorite in the race.

  • Horse

    Frankie explains that the term horse has many different meanings in the equestrian and horse racing world.

  • Horsing

    Frankie explains that horsing is the term used when a mare goes into heat and is receptive to breeding.

  • Horse Path

    Frankie explains the horse path, or walkway, that horses use to get from the barn or stable to the track. Frankie also explains the importance of having a safe horse path for the horses to use.

  • Horse Was Off

    Frankie explains that when a horse is off, he is not 100%. People may use this phrase to refer to a sore or uncomfortable horse, as opposed to a horse that is lame, which is more serious.

  • Hotwalker

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the role of a hotwalker at the track, inclduing the responsibility of cooling a horse out after a morning workout or race. Lovato explains that a hotwalker is the first step to working with horses on the track.

  • Hung

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term hangs or hung means in terms of when a horse approaches the leaders of a race but will not pass the horses and claim the lead. Lovato also reflects on how frustrating this can be for trainers and jockeys.

  • Ice

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the purpose of icing a horses legs after a race or workout, to prevent injury as a precautionary measure. Lovato also explains a few other uses for ice at the race track.

  • In the Money

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that saying a horse finished in the money means that the horse has finished first, second, or third. Frankie explains that this is a betting term referring to the horses that will pay out for win, place, and show bets.

  • Infield

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains where the infield of a race track is located. Frankie also explains the various uses that the infield can be utilized for.

  • In Hand

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr explains what in-hand means both during morning workouts and during a race. Frankie also explains where he thinks the term came from.

  • Inquiry

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what an inquiry is and who conducts the inquiry. He also explains how an objection is different than an inquiry and who is involved in each of them.

  • Irons

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what someone is referring to when they talk about irons, also known as stirrups. He also explains the difference between irons on an exercise saddle and a racing saddle and why different irons are used.

  • Jar

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a rider is referring to when he describes a horse who jars or displays jarring action when hitting the ground while running.

  • The Jockey Club

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what The Jockey Club means to Thoroughbred racing and its function as a registry as well as its role in improving the sport and the breed.

  • Jockey Equipment

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the equipment jockey's need to compete in Thoroughbred racing and how this equipment, often called tack, functions.

  • Jockey Fee

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a jockey fee, or mount fee, is in racing. He also explains how much the jockey gives to others from the amount of money he makes and how that can break down with different purses.

  • Jocks Room

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a jock's room is and some of the things that can be found in the room. He also explains some of the rules and regulations of the jock's room and public access.

  • Jog

    Frankie explains which gait is the jog on a horse. He also explains which phase of exercising this is racehorses and how it is done on the track.

  • Jumper

    Frankie explains that the term jumper refers to the horses, trainers, and riders that steeplechase. He also refers back to an older video that explains what steeplechasing is.

  • Journeyman

    Frankie explains what the difference between an apprentice and a journeyman jockey. He also explains when an apprentice moves over to being considered a journeyman.

  • Juvenile

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the term juvenile refers to a 2-year-old horse or races restricted to 2-year-olds. He also explains that 2-year-old races often start out at very short distances early in the season before becoming longer and longer as the young horses have time to continue to mature mentally and physically. -

  • Knot

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the term knot refers to the knot that the jockey ties in the reins before a race starts. He also explains how to tie four different knots and the importance of the placement of the knot.

  • Lasix

    Frankie Lovato Jr. and Dr. Erika Wierman explain how and why Lasix is used in racehorses. Lovato also discusses the term bleeder with Dr. Wierman and research examining the effects of Lasix on horses.

  • Layoff

    Frankie Lovato Jr explains why a horse may need a layoff and what is considered just a break versus being a real layoff. He also shows how charts indicate that a horse has been laid off for an extended amount of time compared to just a short break.

  • Lead

    Frankie talks about all the different ways the word lead and led is used in horse racing and in which ways you may hear each word said.

  • Lead Pony

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr explains the job of a lead pony on the race track, parts of the day lead ponies are most typically used, and the most common breeds of lead ponies. Lovato also discusses different parts of the world that utilize lead ponies and the role of their riders.

  • Leggings

    Frankie Lovato Jr. introduces the term leggings and their different uses. He explains the different types of leggings jockey's wear and discusses the reasoning for wearing certain types.

  • Leg Up

    Frankie Lovato Jr. introduces the term leg up and how it is used in and out of the horse racing world. He also explains the proper procedure for giving a leg up in racing, and the alternatives in different disciplines of riding. Additionally, Lovato discusses how the term leg up is used when talking about a horse returning to racing after having time off.

  • Length

    Frankie Lovato Jr. introduces the term length in horse racing, defining the official measurement. He goes on to explain what official terms are used to judge a race when two horses are less than a length apart and how races are documented with the use of lengths.

  • Listed Race

    Frankie explains what qualifies as a listed race and how these races become graded or group stakes. He also goes on to explain what "black type" means and how it is earned.

  • Lock

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term lock means in reference to race predictions. Also, he reminisces and tells a story of a memorable conversation he had at the Woodford Stakes. He also describes an alternate meaning of the word lock when discussing the horse.

  • Lug

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term lug and how it refers to the movement of the horse. He also explains the reasons why a horse lugs and the difficulties it creates for the jockey.

  • Lunge

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. describes the two meanings of the word lunge in and out of horse racing. He describes the two types of exercise the term lunge refers to and the physical movement of the horse associated with the term.

  • Maiden

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term maiden means in horse racing. He also describes what it means for a horse to break its maiden and how to term relates to owners, jockeys, and trainers.

  • Make a Run

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what trainers mean when they use the term make a run. He describes the role of jockeys when making a run and the instructions trainers will give to the jockey about when to make a run.

  • Making Weight

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term making weight. He describes how weight is assigned to each horse and practices used to help jockeys make weight. Lovato also explains how the term is used between jockeys and trainers in regards to jockey work out goals or nutrition plans.

  • Main Track

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the different types of tracks at a race course and what materials the footing consists of. He also shows and describes what the different symbols on a race program mean in reference to the specific track.

  • Mare

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term mare. He explains what gender the term describes and at what age a horse becomes a mare. Lovato goes on to explain the long term career of a mare.

  • Martingale

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term martingale. Lovato describes what the piece of equipment and how it is used in horse racing. Different parts of the equipment are described as well as the horse's actions in response to the equipment in place.

  • Medication List

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term medication list. He explains the use of a medication list and why it was implemented by the Association of Racing Commissioners International. Lovato also explains medications that are most frequently seen on the medication list and who regulates them at the track.

  • Middle Distance

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term middle distance. He discusses what lengths qualify as a middle distance race and other terms that describe races of middle distance. Lovato also discusses what popular races are considered to be middle distance.

  • Middle Move

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term middle move. He discusses at what point of the race the horse and jockey attempt to make a move in reference to this term. Lovato also discusses the typical results of making a middle move.

  • Morning Glory

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term morning glory. He explains why horses train in the morning and how the morning environment affects how horses perform on race day. Additionally, Lovato gives insight to traits that make up a successful race horse.

  • Morning Line

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how morning line refers to betting in horse racing and what it means to be the morning line favorite and post time favorite. Frankie also explains the role of a morning line odds maker at a race track.

  • Muddy Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains how muddy track is an official label given to a dirt racing course and how the label is listed in the race chart for different purposes. Frankie shows other track condition labels and abbreviations and discusses track maintenance for several different conditions.

  • Mudder

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains why a horse is called a mudder. He also explains why some horses do better on muddy tracks than others.

  • Muzzle

    Frankie explains the different meanings for muzzles in the horse world and why a horse may wear a muzzle while grazing or before races.

  • Nailed

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the term nailed means when referring to a horse race. Lovato also discusses several scenarios when nailing can occur.

  • Near Side

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term near side when referring to a horse. Lovato explains the history of the near side and the how prominently it is used in the equine industry.

  • Neck & Nose

    Frankie Lovato Jr. uses the previous racing term length to help explain the meaning of the terms neck and nose. Lovato also explains how horse players can use length information in the race chart to make betting decisions.

  • Nod

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains multiple meanings of the term nod in horse racing. Lovato explains what the term means during a race or how it is used to describe a horses movement.

  • Noseband

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term noseband and other names typically used for the term. Lovato also describes the purpose of a noseband and where it is located on a bridle.

  • Oaks

    vFrankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term oaks in horse racing. Lovato discusses what horses can enter and the prominent oaks races held in the United States.

  • Objection

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term objection and how it refers to the rules of horse racing. Lovato discusses who presents objections and the process of how racing stewards handle the claim. Additionally, Frankie discusses objection or false claim consequences towards jockeys.

  • Odds-On

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term odds-on and how it is used in gambling. Lovato also describes common odds used and the returns made from most common bets in horse racing.

  • Official

    Frankie explains where you may hear the word official in horse racing. He also explains what each meaning means and what people are considered officials in horse racing.

  • Off Side

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what off-side means and refers back to the term "near side" to give more information on the differences between near and off sides.

  • Off or On the Bit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what off the bit, or off the bridle, means in a race and exercise. He also explains what may happen if a horse is off the bit and the rider reports it to the trainer.

  • Off Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the word "off track" means and what conditions it can describe on dirt race tracks. He also explains that off track isn't an official term but one with broad meaning that can describe many different conditions.

  • Off the Turf

    Frankie explains that off the turf means that a race moves from a turf track to a dirt track due to weather. He also explains what may happen if a graded stakes race has to deal with this condition.

  • On the Board

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what on the board means and how it is different than someone saying they were in the money. Frankie also explains when someone may use the term "on the board" when telling people how they finished in a race.

  • One Paced

    Retired jockey Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what running style a one-paced horse follows and how they may be successful in a race.

  • Outrider

    Frankie explains the job of outriders on the track in the morning and afternoon. He explains how important the outriders are to the smooth running of the track.

  • Over Reaching

    Frankie explains what over reaching means and how it may be noticed. He also goes over some steps trainers use to prevent their charges from overreaching during work outs and in races.

  • Overweight

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term overweight in horse racing. He discusses how the term relates to jockeys in racing, but also the compromises trainers may make when selecting a jockey. Frankie also discusses how the jockey's weight is communicated to the public for handicapping considerations.

  • Paddock

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term Paddock in reference to horse racing. He describes how the term is used differently in horse racing than other equestrian sports and what takes place in the paddock.

  • Paddock Judge

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term paddock judge in horse racing. He explains the responsibilities of the paddock judge and the communication the judge has between jockeys and trainers.

  • Past Performances

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term past performances in horse racing. He describes where they can be seen in a racing program, what each symbol means, and the purpose of reading past performances.

  • Patrol Judge

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term patrol judge. He discusses the responsibilities of patrol judges, where they are located at the track, and what equipment they use to do their job.

  • Photo Finish

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term photo finish. He discusses how photos are used to help racing officials determine the winner of a close race. Lovato also talks about the equipment that is used for a photo finish.

  • Pierre 'Peb' Bellocq

    Frankie steps away from the terms today to talk about Pierre Bellocq, an important person in horse racing. "Peb" is one of the most famous artists in horse racing and is one that Frankie looked up to throughout his riding career.

  • Pinhooker

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term pinhooker. He discusses the history of pinhooking and compares it to the modern day meaning in the thoroughbred industry. Frankie explains what age of horses a pinhoooker works with and how profit is earned.

  • Pinched Back

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term pinched back. He discusses how a horse can get pinched back in a race and several dangerous outcomes that can come of it.

  • Place

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term place. He discusses the term in reference to track announcements and the type of bet being made on a horse race. Frankie also describes when this specific type of terminology is used and in what parts of the world it is referenced in.

  • Placing Judges

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term placing judges. He discusses the job responsibilities of placing judges and what equipment is used to be of assistance in the placing process.

  • Plates

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term plates. He discusses what type of equipment they are for horses and the purpose they serve. Frankie also discusses the most common type of plates and which styles aren't permitted at certain race tracks around the world.

  • Plodder

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term plodder. He discusses the speed and distance a horse that is considered a plodder would most typically run.

  • Pocket

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term pocket. He discusses the term in reference to the position of a horse in a race and other terms that may have the same meaning.

  • Poles

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term poles. He discusses at what distances the marker poles stand and the length of a furlong. Lovato also explains what the different colors of the poles represent in reference to distances of the track.

  • Pony

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term pony. He discusses the qualifications for a horse to be a track pony and what jobs they accomplish on the track. Lovato also talks about the importance of pony riders and the physical standards they must meet to be successful.

  • Post

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains different meanings of the term post. He discusses several different cases the term may be used on and off the race track for both riders and spectators.

  • Post Parade

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term post parade. He discusses where and when the post parade takes place at the track. Lovato also describes who takes part and what happens after the post parade.

  • Post Position

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term post position. He discusses the set up of the starting gate and explains how post positions are selected before the race.

  • Post Time

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term post time. He discusses how far in advance post times are set and what considerations are made in the process. Frankie also describes how races are staggered for the convenience of simulcast viewers to bet on as many races as possible.

  • Prep Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term prep race. He discusses how and when trainers use the term prep and what horses can enter that type of race. Frankie also describes different series of prep races certain tracks hold to get horses ready for graded stakes.

  • Prop and Wheel

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term prop and wheel. He discusses the term in reference to behaviors horses sometimes produce that may cause danger to a jockey.

  • Purse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of the term purse. He discusses purse distribution and gives examples of what percentages would be payed out to the owners.

  • Quarter

    Frankie explains that the quarter can refer to different segments of a race with the final quarter often being the most exciting part of the race. He also explains that a quarter is also a part of a horse's hoof and refers viewers back to an older video to learn more about that part of the term.

  • Quarter Crack

    Frankie explains what a quarter crack is and some different treatments that trainers may use in order to treat the crack. - See more at: http://www.followhorseracing.com/en/the-latest/blogs/2013/08/29/racing-term-of-the-day-quarter-crack/#sthash.f898unSG.dpuf

  • Quarter Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the word quarter horse and talks about the breed of quarter horse and what they are used for. Frankie also gives a little history on quarter horse racing as well.

  • Quarter Pole

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term quarter pole. Frankie discusses at what distances the poles are placed on the track. He also explains the length of a furlong and how frequent each distance is marked on a race track.

  • Quiet Hands

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term quiet hands. Frankie discusses the term in reference to how jockeys or exercise riders train and control horses. Lovato also explains the benefits of riders using this technique and how horses typically respond.

  • Rabbit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term rabbit. Lovato discusses what the term means in reference to more than one horse entered into a race by the same stable.

  • Rabbit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term rabbit. Lovato discusses what the term means in reference to more than one horse entered into a race by the same stable.

  • Racing Secretary

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term racing secretary. Lovato discusses the job responsibilities and what necessary communication is made with the public, media, and racing commission.

  • Rank

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term rank. He discusses the term in reference to a horse's aggressive behavior on the farm, at the race track, or in a race.

  • Receiving Barn

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term receiving barn. He discusses the term in reference to barns located at most race tracks in the United States and what horses typically board within the barn. Lovato also explains the use of quarantine and stakes barns at the track.

  • Reduce

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term reduce. He discusses the term in reference to a jockey's diet and practices that are used to make weight before a race.

  • Refuse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term refused. He discusses the official racing term in reference to the starting gates at a horse race.

  • Re-Run or Replay

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term re-run. He discusses the term in reference to the filming of a horse race. Lovato explains the purpose of cameras located various places around a race track and different angles that the cameras shoot during a horse race.

  • Ridden Out

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term ridden out. He discusses the term in reference to the commentary and results of a horse race. Lovato explains several different terms that are used in the official commentary to describe how a horse is ridden out.

  • Rings

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term rings. He discusses the term in reference to equipment used when riding race horses. Lovato explains what the tack is used for and how horses typically respond to it.

  • Rogue

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term rogue and when people may use the title for a horse. He also talks about the work that may need to go into a rogue horse.

  • Romp

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term romp. He discusses the term in reference to race callers. Lovato also describes multiple phrases that are used with the term to describe a horse race win.

  • Route

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term route in reference to the length of a horse race. Lovato describes which races are considered route or sprint races and how trainers may use the term when describing a race or work out.

  • Run Down

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term run down. He discusses the implications of the term in reference to the health of a horse. Lovato also describes how the track can negatively affect a horse's legs and what precautionary efforts are taken to prevent them.

  • Run Out Bit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term run out bit. He discusses the term in reference to a special type of tack used on race horses. Lovato also describes how the bit helps direct horses with bearing tendencies and other equipment that aids with redirection.

  • Ruled Off

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term ruled off. He discusses the term in reference to the racing stewards and state commissioners ruling of racing license statuses. Lovato also describes permanent and semi-permanent suspensions and the consequences that they imply.

  • Saddle Cloth or Saddle Towel

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the many uses of saddle pads and girth covers. He talks about how a saddle pad isn't just used for identification but for comfort as well and the cleaning practices used on saddle clothes.

  • Saddle Pad

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term saddle pad. He describes the use of a saddle pad in reference to race horses and the design and material they consist of. Frankie also explains where the saddle pad is placed and why it is important to use in a race.

  • Saddle Slip

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term saddle slip. He discusses which direction a saddle may slip and how a situation can be dangerous when this happens. Frankie also explains several pieces of equipment that can be used to prevent the saddle from slipping.

  • Savage

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term savage. He discusses the term in reference to the aggressiveness in some horses and how it sometimes happens in a horse race. He also explains how the term can show up in race result comments.

  • Scale of Weights

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term scale of weights. He discusses the term in reference to the amount of weight a horse carries in a race. Frankie also describes what conditions are used to determine each weight assignment.

  • Schooling

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term schooling. He describes the term in reference to different training exercises for race horses. Frankie also discusses the practices of gate and paddock schooling.

  • Schooling LIst

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term schooling list. He discusses the term in reference to the official starters list of horses that may need more training in certain areas.

  • Scratch and Scratch Time

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term scratch, the official term for when a horse is withdrawn from a race. He explains the process for scratching a horse from a race, when a trainer may do so, and the process of filling out a scratch card.

  • Sealed Track

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sealed track. He discusses the term in reference to the standard procedure maintenance crews perform to maintain the track before it rains.

  • Second Call

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term second call. He discusses the term in reference to the agreement between a jockey and a trainer for a specific race. Lovato also explains who the jockey is obligated to ride for when scratches or late changes happen.

  • Send

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term send. He discusses the term in reference to the way a horse breaks from the starting gate. Lovato also explains how the trainer uses the term when giving a jockey instructions about how to ride a race.

  • Sesamoid Bones

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sesamoid bones. He discusses the location of the sesamoid bones and what parts of the horses leg they support. Lovato also describes injuries associated with the sesamoid bones.

  • Set

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term set. He discusses the term in reference to training race horses. Lovato discuss the advantages and disadvantages of horses training in sets and an alternative meaning to the term when used by trainers.

  • Short or Long Thumb

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term ride short or long. He discusses the term in reference to the length of a jockey's tack. Lovato explains rules for stirrup lengths on the track. He also discusses advantages and disadvantages to riding in longer stirrups.

  • Set Down

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term set down. He discusses multiple ways the term can be used in reference to jockey's, training, and the way a horse runs in a race.

  • Seven Furlongs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term seven furlongs. He discusses the term in reference to the distance of a horse race and what type of race track accommodates a seven furlong race.

  • Shadow Roll

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shadow roll. He discusses the term in reference to a specific part of the horses bridle and the purpose it serves during a horse race.

  • Shammy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shammy or chamois. He discusses the term in reference to items used for horses to wear under their saddles while racing or training.

  • Shank

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shank. He discusses the term in reference to the piece of equipment that is used when leading a race horse. Lovato also explains different ways a shank can be used for safety when controlling a horse.

  • Shed Row

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shed row. He discusses the term in reference to part of a horse barn at a race track. Lovato also explains what is inside and around the shed row and how it is taken care of.

  • Shod

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shod. He explains the term in reference to the the role of a blacksmith when working on horses.

  • Shooting Ducks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term shooting ducks. He discusses the term in reference to how a jockey rides competitively in a horse race.

  • Short

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term short. He discusses the term in reference to a horse who looks poised to win but fades in the late stages of a race as well as in reference to the distance of races.

  • Show

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term show. He discusses the term in reference to a horse's order of finish as well as in reference to the betting option.

  • Shut Off

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what it means to get shut off in race, what it can mean for a horse's chances to win and the difficult task of trying to steer a 1,000-pound animal running at speeds up to 40 m.p.h.

  • Silks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term silks. He discusses the apparel jockey's wear for races and what the logos and colors represent.

  • Simulcast

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term simulcast and describes the various venues that offer live feeds from racetracks where fans can watch horse racing.

  • Six Furlongs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term six furlongs. He discusses the length of six furlongs in various measurements and identifies which well known races are ran at six furlongs.

  • Sixteenth

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sixteenth. He discusses the term in reference to distances of miles and furlongs. Lovato also discusses the poles around a horse race track and at what distances the sixteenth poles are placed.

  • Sloppy

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sloppy. He discusses the term in reference to the condition of a horse race track. Lovato also discusses several other terms to describe the condition of the track and how a horses performance is affected.

  • Snug

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term snug. He discusses the term in reference to the type of grip on the reins a jockey holds while riding. The term is also used by jockeys to discuss how strong a horse ran during a race or exercise ride.

  • Soft

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term soft. He discusses the term in reference to the condition of a turf race course. Lovato also describes other conditions of the turf course and which are acceptable to race on.

  • Solid Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term solid horse. He discusses the term in reference to a personal opinion of a horses condition before a race.

  • Sophomore

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sophomore. He discusses the term in reference to the age of a horse and their eligibility to race. Lovato also discusses other terms that are related to the term sophomore and a horses age.

  • Sound

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sound. He discusses the term in reference to the health of a horse. Lovato also describes how the term is used specifically when talking about race horses.

  • Speed Bias

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term speed bias. He discusses the term in reference to an analysis by handicappers of front running horses on the track.

  • Speed Figure

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term speed figure. He discusses the term in reference to a number that rates a horses performance in a specific race. Lovato also provides the history of speed figures and the importance of having the numbers available to the betting public.

  • Spit Box

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term spit box. He discusses the term in reference to a special barn used for post race drug testing. Lovato also provides other commonly used terms to describe the spit box.

  • Spit the Bit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term spit the bit. He discusses the term in reference to how a horse may become less aggressive at winning a horse race. Lovato also describes other terms that are related to spit the bit.

  • Sprinter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term sprinter. He discusses the term in reference to the length of a horse race. Lovato also discusses what races are considered sprint races and related terms.

  • Stake

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stake. He discusses the term in reference to a certain type of horse race. Lovato previews various types of stakes races and explains how qualifications, invitations, entry fees, and the amount of purse money involved are changed and adjusted as races become more competitive.

  • Stakes-Placed

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stakes placed. He describes the term as a way of labeling competitive horses, dependent on their racing achievements. Lovato also describes several other terms that are used to rank horses and distinguish them to both handicappers and future buyers.

  • Stalk

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stalk. He discusses the term in reference to how a rider positions a horse during a race.

  • Stall Walker

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stall walker. He discusses the term in reference to a horse's behavior while they are in their stall. Lovato also explains other habits a horse may have and some techniques owners can use to keep the horse distracted.

  • Starter

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starter. He discusses the term in reference to horses that enter the starting gates, racing officials, and starter races.

  • Starter Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starter race. He discusses the qualifications a horse must have to be entered into this type of race and several names the races may have.

  • Starting Gate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term starting gate. He discusses the term in reference to the gate horses break from at the start of a race.

  • State-Bred Race

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term state-bred race. He discusses the term in reference to a specific type of horse race and which horses are eligible to run.

  • Stayer

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stayer. He discusses the term in reference to how a horse runs in a race.

  • Steadied

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term steadied. He discusses the term in reference to control methods jockeys use to control a horse during a race.

  • Steal a Race

    Frankie explains that stealing a race is when a jockey goes to the lead and slows down the pace so his horse has enough energy to fend off any potential challengers in the final stages of the race.

  • Step Up

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term step up. He discusses the term in reference to when a horse runs in a race with tougher competition. Lovato also explains other terms that are similarly related.

  • Stewards

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term stewards. He discusses the term in reference to officials at a race track that enforce rules and regulations. Lovato discusses the duties of the track stewards and where they are located during a race.

  • Steeplechase

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term steeplechase. He discusses the term in reference to a different type of horse racing that is more commonly found in Europe.

  • Stick

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the word stick means and why the stick is used. Frankie also explains some of the terms that you may hear in reference to the stick and some of the rules in place when it comes to the stick

  • Stickers

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stickers. He discusses the meaning of the term in reference to a specific type of horse shoe.

  • Stretch

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stretch. He defines what part of a race track is the stretch and labels other parts of the track. Lovato also discusses terms used in other countries to describe race tracks.

  • Stretch Call

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the stretch call is the position of the horses at the 1/8 pole and is where the track announcer can make his mark on history or use his trademark phrases that many people remember for years after the original call.

  • Stretch Runner

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stretch runner. A stretch runner can also be referred to as a closer depending on their running style.

  • Stride

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that the stride is how people in racing describe a horse's gait. He also explains that some horses have better strides than others and how it can affect a horse's talent.

  • Stud Book

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term stud book and when the first American stud book was published. He also talks about how many stud books there are and how multiple stud books are recognized in many different countries.

  • Sucked Back

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sucked back and what it means in a horse race. He also explains some of the reasons a horse may suck back in a race.

  • Sulk

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sulk. He explains what jockeys may do when a horse sulks during a race and what can cause a horse to sulk.

  • Suspend

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term suspend. He explains why a jockey and trainer may get suspended and who gives the suspensions.

  • Sweat Box

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term sweat box. He says where it is located and why jockeys use the sweat box.

  • Swayback

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a swayback is. He also explains how a swayback is defined and the more technical term for the condition.

  • Switch Sticks

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what switching sticks means. He explains that it is a pretty new technique and why jockeys switch their whip now.

  • Syndicate

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term syndicate. He discusses the term in reference to the ownership of race horses.

  • Tack and Traps

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the racing term tack and traps. He discusses the term in reference to the equipment used to work with horses and equipment needed to travel with a horse.

  • Take Back

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term take back in reference to how the jockey controls a horse in a race. Lovato also discusses the advantages to this technique and how it can affect the other horses in the race.

  • Taken Up

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term taken up in reference to actions jockeys have to perform to take control of a horse during a race.

  • Tattoo

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term tattoo in reference to the lip tattoos on race horses. He also discusses the purpose and requirements of a race horse tattoo.

  • TB Farms & Training Centers

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the terms TB farms and training centers. He not only describes thoroughbred farms and training centers, but also discusses the property's functions.

  • Thread the Needle

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term thread the needle. He describes the term in reference to the jockey guiding a horse in a tight situation during a horse race.

  • Throw a Fit

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term throw a fit. He describes the term in reference to the behavior of a horse when it is excited or nervous.

  • Throw their Head

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term throw their head. He discusses the term in reference to certain behaviors horses display when they are upset.

  • Throwing a Cross

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term throwing a cross. He discusses the term in reference to how a jockey adjusts his or her reins during a race.

  • Tie Up

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term tie up. He discusses the term in reference to a health issue that can happen to horses after a tough work out.

  • Tongue Tie

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a tongue tie is and what a tongue tie is made of. He also explains why a tongue tie is used and what may happen if a horse gets its tongue over the bit.

  • Top Weight

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a top weight is and what else the term may be called. He also explains why a horse may carry more weight than the others in the field.

  • Track Bias

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that a track bias that describes how a track may be playing on a given day. He also explains what a speed bias may be and how people know that the track is playing with a bias.

  • Track Conditions and Labels

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains that various surfaces are used in America and the conditions change depending on the weather. He also shows the labels the tracks will use depending on the track's condition both on the dirt and the turf.

  • Track Record

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what a track record is and how a track handles records when they have different tracks. He also explains what a stakes record is and how accurate the time is now compared to the past.

  • Track Veterinarian

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term track veterinarian. He discusses the different types of veterinarians at the track and their individual responsibilities.

  • Trip

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term trip. He talks about the term as a description of how the race horse behaves during a race.

  • Trip Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term trip horse. He discusses the term in reference to different individual's personal opinions on how the horse needs to run in a race to win.

  • Triple Crown

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term Triple Crown. He discusses the term in reference to a series of championship horse races. Frankie also provides history on previous Triple Crown winners.

  • Turf Course

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term turf course. He discusses the type of horse race track a turf course is and what type of races are held on a turf course.

  • Turn Downs

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term turn downs. He discusses why the type of shoe is no longer in use in most racing jurisdictions and describes a shoe that is sometimes used that is similar.

  • Turn of Foot

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term turn of foot and what it means when a horses displays this characteristic.

  • Twirling the Whip

    Frankie Lovato Jr. discusses the term twirling the whip, demonstrates what it looks like and explains why it is a useful practice for a jockey.

  • Two-Minute Lick

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term two-minute lick and its importance in preparing a horse for the races.

  • Two-Turn Horse

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term two-turn horse and describes the qualities horses that fall into this category possess.

  • Under Wraps

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term under wraps and when fans might see a horse "under wraps" in a race.

  • Valet

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the role a valet plays for a jockey and describes the responsibilities of this important job.

  • Vet's List and Vet Scratch

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the terms vet scratch and vet's list as well as the reasons horses end up on the vet's list or scratched by the track veterinarian.

  • Walk Hots

    Frankie Lovato Jr. describes the responsibilities of a hotwalker and what it means to "walk hots" at the barn of a trainer in horse racing.

  • Walkover

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains term walkover and mentions a few of the most famous walkover races in the history of Thoroughbred racing.

  • Washy or Washed Out

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the terms washy or washed out and what that could potentially indicate about a horse's state of mind and potential to perform up to his capabilities.

  • Weight for Age

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what the phrase weight for age means in Thoroughbred racing and the process of assigning weights to horses to carry in races that are not handicaps.

  • Went for a Hotdog

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the meaning of one of racing's many colorful phrases "went for a hotdog". He provides a couple of examples so that the next time you're at the track with friends you can roll out the term and get a few chuckles.

  • Withers

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term withers, where it is located on a horse's body, and the importance of the withers when measuring a horse's height.

  • Work or Workout

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term work or workout in horse racing as well as the importance of this planned exercise in getting a Thoroughbred prepared to race.

  • Yearling

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the term "yearling" in reference to a specific age for a Thoroughbred.

  • Yoke

    Frankie Lovato Jr. explains the importance of the yoke, a piece of racing equipment that allows exercise riders more control over the horse and often is used along with additional equipment.

  • Zip

    For the final term of the year, Frankie Lovato Jr. explains what zip means. The term usually has to do with horses going fast through a part of the race or a workout.

Image Description

Jockey World Terms

Jockey World is a 501(c)(3) non-profit educational organization in horse racing created by former award-winning jockey Frankie Lovato, Jr. Frankie is the creator of the Equicizer, along with Jockey Camp and Jockey World Radio which fall under Jockey World Inc., and he is co-founder with his wife Sandy of their Stampede of Dreams Therapeutic Riding Program. Jockey World is dedicated to providing reliable information, tools, guidance and resources, that include knowledge in health & safety, to anyone who wishes to pursue a career or develop a better understanding of the horse racing industry. Jockey World is not a gambling related organization.

Visit www.JockeyWorld.org and 
FrankLovatoJr.com for more information and be sure to check out www.JockeyWorldRadio.com.

More About the 365 Day Series!

Frankie Lovato Jr. vowed to create 365 racing terminology videos for every day of the year for 2013 - an effort to better educate racing fans and bring awareness to Jockey World. Please watch and share with friends to support Frankie in his mission!

"There are also many misconceptions in horse racing and many potential fans could enjoy the sport better. I love to explain the things that will help open up people's minds and answer many wonders in the world of horse racing that will offer a greater appreciation and understanding of the industry. This will help bring more fans and enjoyment to the sport of horse racing," Lovato said.

Sponsors & Partners

  • FoxSports1
  • NBC Sports
  • Logo 6
  • Saratoga
  • Santa Anita
  • CBS Sports
  • Monmouth
  • Keeneland
  • Gulfstream Park
  • Del Mar
  • Belmont Park
  • Arlington Park
  • OwnerView